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Navigating Dubai’s Financial Fraud Law: A Guide for Victims

Financial fraud is an unfortunate reality that individuals and businesses may face, resulting in the loss of hard-earned money through misappropriation and illicit practices. In Dubai, Law No. 37 of 2009, also known as the Dubai Financial Fraud Law, aims to combat such crimes and restore justice to victims. Let’s explore the key aspects of this law and the avenues available for those affected.

Understanding Financial Fraud:

 Financial fraud occurs when someone wrongfully takes money through misappropriation or other unlawful means, often referred to as embezzlement. The misappropriation can involve funds, assets, or trade secrets, impacting both public and private entities.

Dubai Law No. 37 – Key Provisions:

This law outlines procedures for the recovery of illegally obtained public and private funds. Here are some crucial points:

Article 1: Provides clear definitions of illegitimate funds and public funds.

Article 2: States that if a final judgment proves the acquisition of illegitimate funds, the debtor (fraudster) can face imprisonment based on the amount involved. For instance:

  • 5 years for funds between AED 500,000 and AED 1,000,000
  • 10 years for funds between AED 1,000,000 and AED 5,000,000
  • 15 years for funds between AED 5,000,000 and AED 10,000,000
  • 20 years for funds exceeding AED 10,000,000.

Article 3: Applies the same imprisonment durations to cases involving public funds, eliminating the distinction between public and private entities.

Article 4: Imposes penalties for failing to refund stolen funds, in addition to the punishment for the underlying offense.

Legal Recourse for Victims:

If you find yourself a victim of financial fraud, consider the following steps:

  1. File a Police Report: Report the incident to the police to initiate the legal process.
  2. Seek Legal Advice: Consult with legal professionals to understand your rights and options.
  3. File a Civil Lawsuit: Pursue a civil lawsuit against the fraudster to seek compensation.
  4. File a Criminal Complaint: Lodge a criminal complaint to ensure the offender faces legal consequences.
  5. Contact Regulatory Authorities: Inform relevant regulatory bodies to address the broader implications of the fraud.


Dubai’s Financial Fraud Law is a robust framework designed to combat financial crimes and protect victims. Understanding the law’s provisions and seeking appropriate legal assistance are essential steps for individuals and businesses affected by financial fraud. If you find yourself in such a situation, take prompt action to uphold justice and reclaim what is rightfully yours.

“Guard your assets, shield your wealth—don’t fall victim to the stealth of financial fraud.”

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