What is Copyright?
Copyright is a form of intellectual property which contains the literary and artistic works, range from books, music, paintings, sculpture, and films, to computer programs, databases, advertisements, maps, and technical drawings. protection is available for original works of authorship that are fixed in a tangible form, whether published or unpublished
The primary goal of copyright law is to protect the time, effort, and creativity of the work's creator.
As such, the Copyright Law gives the copyright owner certain exclusive rights, including the right to:
• Reproduce the work
• Prepare "derivative works" (other works based on the original work)
• Distribute copies of the work by sale, lease, or other transfer of ownership
• Perform the work publicly
• Display the work publicly
Prerequisites for Publishing under the Law
A prior approval should be obtained for publishing, exhibiting or circulating of classified material. Generally, protection is provided for works whose means of expression is writing, sound, drawing, image, motion pictures, creative titles or computer software. Translation of original works is also protected.
Applications filed with the Ministry of Information & Culture must contain the following:
• Certificate of origin, indicating the name of the author and/or assignee.
• An authorization from the licensee and/or owner for exhibiting or circulating the material in a specified region/territory.
• A certificate from the licensee stipulating that all applicable royalties has been collected.
• A certificate of non-violation of restrictions on folklore, issued by the Department of Culture at the Ministry of Information & Culture.
The duration of the protection is for the lifetime of the author plus 50 years after his death or 50 years from the date of publication in cases of cinematographic works, works of corporate bodies and works published for the first time after the death of the author.
Copyright devolves on the owner of a work as soon as it is created, but it is considered prudent to register your copyright since it ensure better legal protection against infringes. Copyrighted work could be a literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work. What is sought for is originality of the work. The terms of protection varies according to the kind of work.
A prior approval has to be obtained for publishing, exhibiting or circulating of classified material. Applications filed with the Ministry of Information & Culture must contain the following:
As per the law, the assignee/author's representatives and their successors are only entitled to exercise these rights. Subsequently, copyrights may be assigned to a third party. Assignments must be made in writing, indicating the details of the applicable period, usage and region/territory it's related to etc.